Who is At-Fault in a Multi-Vehicle Accident?

 Auto collisions are challenging enough to resolve, even when only two vehicles are involved. The circumstances become far more complex when three or more are affected by a single crash. Often in these cases, there may have been an environmental hazard first affected a single car, only to pull the others in incidentally. In other instances, one driver may have stopped suddenly, causing a domino effect of cars rear-ending one another. If you’ve found yourself in this type of auto accident, it is very important to immediately contact a multi-vehicle accident law firm to ensure your rights are fully protected and that you are provided with all you need to know about proving liability in your multi-vehicle collision case.

Determing Liability in a Multi-Vehicle Wreck | de Lachica Law Firm

What to Do After a Multi-Vehicle Collision

After an auto collision, one of the most important things you must do is collect the personal information of all parties involved. Although this may seem like a simple, inconsequential step, it is critical to the development of your case.

Drivers who feel that they are guilty may be tempted to falsify information regarding the crash, or even lie about their involvement altogether. Having their contact and insurance information is essential to thwarting such efforts. This step will be much harder to accomplish with several vehicles involved, yet, it is vital that you go about this attentively.

Once you have collected documentation of all parties involved, record all details of the crash. As you photograph and shoot videos of the scene, make sure to get all affected vehicles in your images. This is another factor that will become essential in your efforts to prove liability, as the cars’ relative positions can provide insight into who was responsible for the crash. Additional evidence that can support proof of liability includes:

  • Witness testimonies
  • Police reports
  • Dashcams or other similar technology
  • The orientations of skid marks or other signs on the road

Consider the scenarios described below for further insight.

Examples of Liability in Multi-Vehicle Accidents

The following are examples of how fault can be determined in a multi-car pileup:

  • Three cars are driving along the highway when one stops suddenly. The car directly behind them is unable to stop in time, colliding into them, causing the vehicle behind them to do the same. In this case, the first driver is at fault (depending on whether the state is a tort state or not), and the vehicle’s relative positions in your photos will clearly illustrate this.
  • Three motorists, A, B, and C, are driving along the highway. Driver A is texting, causing them to unknowingly exceed the speed limit and crash into Driver B ahead of them. This pushes Driver B’s car into Driver C, causing a pileup. Since this wasn’t as straightforward as everyone rear-ending one another, you will need additional evidence, as listed above (i.e., witness statements, photos of skid marks, even phone records), to demonstrate the fault of Driver A.

Proving liability in multi-vehicle accidents is quite challenging, as you can see. Yet, it is not impossible. As long as you are attentive to the precise evidence you record, you can protect yourself from false accusations of fault and ensure that you receive your due compensation.


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